The meaning of AQUAPONICS is simply the Hydroponics - a farming of soil-less plants - and the Aquaculture - the fish farming - together in one culture.
The most important item is the one that will ensure that water will keep moving all the time. Constant water flow will keep the Aquaponics System always full of nitrogen rich water while making sure that the fish will have the ideal condition with quality water while consuming food and maintaining their regular respiration inside the tank. The water will pass through the Recirculating Aquaculture for the benefit of the fish and the water will also flow through the soil-less plants that will receive their needed nitrogen from the fish.
The Aquaponics System is built to take advantage of the nitrogen produced by the metabolism of the fish. This nitrogen produced by the fish enhances the quality of nutrients in the water and is used as a source of nutrients for the soil-less plants. Despite the fact that fish and plants can be kept produced, some components are also very important in this culture. We placed a list below of some important component to create the best possible habitat where plants and fishes can grow and can successfully be used for the trade in the market.
Aquaponics Systems require some extra oxygen that can be generated on site or introduced in the form of liquid cold oxygen. Before pumping the water into tanks, there is the need of saturating it with pure oxygen that can be pumped from the atmospheric air through "oxygen cones" or "air stones". There is also the technique of introducing oxygen stones that will bubble pure oxygen into the livestock tank. You can choose the best option in order to get the necessary oxygen supply in the water, but it is imperative that you pick one.
Having in mind that we are setting up an Hydroponics Tank and an Aquaculture Tank together, the ideal water to circulate through those tanks should be around a gallon of water for each 1/2 pound of fish. This will ensure that the fish will have enough water to grow and also the guarantee that our soil-less plants will get their necessary amount of nitrogen produced by your fishes. There is the perfect mixture in our recipe to get the best result. By perfect mixture, we mean the ideal proportion of water compared to the amount of fish in the water.
We all know that both fish and plants will need light in order to survive. There is the possibility of establishing a successful Aquaponics System without natural light. In order to get the best result, if you are planning to implement an artificial light source, we recommend following some advices from professionals that can provide the best guidance on proper wavelength for your culture, duration of artificial light and spectrum distribution of many artificial light sources. Those factors are very important to make sure that you will keep your fishes and plants healthy. Light is a crucial factor and it will be responsible directly to the maximum growth rate possible. To help you getting started with some artificial light information, in special, the spectrum distribution of different artificial light sources, we suggest the "Home Power" magazine - www.homepower.com -. To be exact, on the issue 155, you can get a closer look on the subject of Artificial Light and its spectrum distribution in depth.
Ultraviolet can be damaging to the Aquaponics System and water must be filtered to prevent diseases and contamination. There is the possibility of using a Ultraviolet Water Purification System or a Ultraviolet water filter prior to pumping water into the Aquaponics System.
In order to keep the Aquaponics System balanced and sustainable, some special micro-organisms and bacteria can be introduced in the culture to filter unwanted debris and toxic chemicals that will be a result of the inevitable fish eating metabolic process. The general idea is that we need the nitrogen from the fish to feed the soil-less plants, but there is some extra needed chemical reactions in order to get the water properly cleaned from Ammonia and toxic nitrites. Those toxic chemicals will then be transformed into hydrogen and also a nitrite that is less toxic than the original composts. The "Biofilter" will go further on those necessary reactions and it will transform the nitrite, which is yet toxic, into a nitrate. This concatenation of reactions is necessary to produce the nitrogen that will be used to feed the Hydroponics part of your Aquaponics System. Without the important help of these micro-organisms and bacteria that were introduced into the culture by the Biofilter, our soil-less plants will not have their needed nitrogen-rich water. The idea here is to facilitate nitrification and to enhance plant growth, while keeping the habitat ideally cleaned for the fish.
Aquaponics Systems will produce solid wastes as a result of fish detriments and uneaten food. There are many options for the removal of solid wastes from an Aquaponics System, but using sedimentation, swirl separators or screen filters should be enough to get your tanks rid of solid debris and solid wastes.
The key to get the best Aquaponics System results is to maintain the proper water temperature depending on the species of fish inside the tank. The most efficient way to maintain water temperature is by taking advantage of the technology brought to you by a heat pump. This wonderful piece of machinery will not generate heat and directly heat the water, but it will smartly induce the movement of heat from an air source or a water source to perfectly adjust the water temperature and avoid any heat changes or sudden temperature variations that can be damaging to any culture. The good old days of propane and natural gas are not yet gone for some people, but a heat pump is introducing a better new way to maximize results and improve growth without the need of an electric resistance coil or any combustion at all.
Nowadays, the best solution to keep a great and simple water temperature control is a Heat Pump. There is the Heat Pump solution, but the best solution is a Hydro Royal Heat Pump. The Hydro Royal Heat Pump has the technology that will ensure that an Aquaponics System will maintain the correct temperature. The Hydro Royal Heat Pump intelligence does not heat the water, as you may expect, The Hydro Royal Heat Pump will control and keep the ideal water temperature no matter the season and no matter the external temperature. Forget about gas fired combustion systems. They can only heat the water, but without the intelligence of a Hydro Royal Heat Pump, you will never be able to use simply air or water for both heating and also cooling when needed.
Our Hydro Royal Heat Pump unit is very efficient and guarantee a very tight temperature control all year long that won't ever vary more than 1°F. Hydro Royal Heat Pump are very simple to handle and easy to operate. Together with the Hydro Royal Heat Pump unit comes the Hydro Royal team that is well known for being the best support team in the market and we will give you the best assistance any time you need us.
Not to mention that our line of Hydro Royal Heat Exchangers are very efficient dealing with regular fresh water and also when it comes to handling salt water as the source or inside the culture. The Hydro Royal Heat Exchanger can operate with a source that can contain up to 35,000 rpm of salt in its composition or even a culture that has salt water as its main component.
Hydro Royal units are proudly made in America and we are one of the largest manufacturer of equipments for spas, cultures and pools. Hydro Royal also have the pleasure to successfully help and be used by Aquaculture businesses, Aquaponics culture, and the Aquarium industry.
Hydro Royal already have a successful story in the Heat Pump industry. The commercial and industrial Heat Pump Sector is not new to our brand. We interpret Aquaponics Systems as an extension of our job as a leader in the swim pool field because Aquaponics Systems have the same important requirement to keep the water temperature, but the only difference is their overall purpose. An Aquaponics System can be seen as a big swim pool for fishes and we are proud to be the best brand to keep the temperature of any possible swim pool as its best.
We already mentioned that temperature is crucial for both fish and soil-less plants in your Aquaponics System. Having that in mind, we can say that the right Hydro Royal Heat Pump Model is also very important too.
Some factors may determine which Hydro Royal Heat Pump to use, especially depending on your geographical location and the regular condition of the weather in this site that the Aquaponics System will be implemented. You will be choosing between a Water/Geothermal source Hydro Royal Heat Pump or an air source Hydro Royal Heat Pump. Those two types of Hydro Royal Heat Pumps are very efficient for Aquaponics System and, not to mention, a great energy-saving Heat Pump option.
We help you choosing well your Hydro Royal Heat Pump unit because you won't be changing units very often since a Hydro Royal Heat Pump can last as long as 20 years and have an expected durability of 13 to 20 years. Hydro Royal Geothermal Heat Pump is used both to heat and also to cool the water in Aquaponics Systems. For the purpose of an Aquaponics System, we may agree that a Hydro Royal Geothermal Heat Pump is more efficient than a Hydro Royal Air Source Heat Pump because, in most cases, water will be a very good source that can provide a constant energy temperature while the air has a lower Coefficient of Performance or C.O.P., most of the time. Depending on your region and specific climate, you can also successfully introduce a Hydro Royal Air Source Heat Pump for your Aquaponics System, but you have to consider that you need to have enough outdoor space for your Air Source Heat Pump unit to be placed as well as enough room to receive the necessary air to heat and cool down the water when needed. We are mentioning this information because the Air Source Heat Pump is undoubtedly a better choice than any conventional heat alternative ever made, but there is some details to be considered prior to installing it. First of all, since the Air Source Heat Pump will be placed outdoors, it will be exposed to many natural and environmental variants that will inevitably make their life span shorter than the Hydro Royal Geothermal Heat Pump. Air borne contaminants, rain, snow, and the sun can be damaging to the Air Source Heat Pump Unit, but it can still last as long as 13 years. Actually, we expect that an Air Source Heat Pump will last at least 10 years on average. The ideal environment to place an outdoor Air Source Heat Pump is the one that can provide an Air Source pretty much constantly remaining at 50°F or above to guarantee that the water temperature required and the desired temperature to keep your ideal Aquaponics System working will be ensured.
You have the choice to consider either using a water source Heat Pump or an air source Heat Pump, but both are much more efficient than any old or conventional way of heating water ever invented.
A Hydro Royal Heat Pump has the technology to pump much more energy than it consumes. A Hydro Royal Heat Pump, first of all, is environmental friendly, and it leaves a very small environmental footprint, despite of being very economical, proven safe and a total trouble-free system that is very easy to handle with an extremely low operating cost. We already mentioned that Heat Pumps have a long lifespan and incredible durability. We also have to mention that a Hydro Royal Heat Pump is Energy Efficient.
The concept of some old mechanisms to keep the water temperature is not ultimate because we know that it is not efficient trying to maintain the air temperature constant inside an entire greenhouse in order to keep the water temperature at that same level inside the Aquaponics System. A Hydro Royal Heat Pump, on the other hand, is able to efficiently control the water temperature inside the Aquaponics System without the need to keep the external air temperature that can freely vary in accordance to the outdoor temperature without ever affecting the temperature inside the Aquaponics System. The Hydro Royal Heat Pump will not be dependent on the greenhouse temperature to achieve the desirable result in the water.
The idea behind the Hydro Royal Heat Pump is very simple and it was built purely to pump and to move heat from the source (in our case Water or Air) into the Aquaponics System (or any other culture in the water or any need to keep the water at a constant temperature). The Hydro Royal Heat Pump will transfer the heat from the source into the water in the tank keeping its temperature ideally constant.